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15 Most Expensive States for Gasoline — and How It Got That Way

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Does it seem like you’re paying more at the pump in 2017? It’s more than a feeling. According to statistics from AAA, U.S. gasoline prices averaged $2.59 at the start of fall 2017 — more than 25 cents above the prices from a year earlier ($2.33). While hurricanes played a role in this huge jump, gas prices have been higher throughout the year. In April, Americans were paying an average of $2.53 for per gallon.
Overall, it’s been a rough year for commuters, but residents of certain states are getting hit the hardest in the wallet. According to AAA data, gas prices fluctuate as much as 67 cents per gallon of regular (over 25%) in a road trip across the continental U.S. If you’re wondering who pays the most and why, we have answers. Here are the 15 most expensive states for gas and why people who live there pay more. Unless otherwise noted, quoted prices come from AAA data.

15. Georgia

The U.S. Energy Information Administration, which tracks fuel costs across America, listed relatively cheap gas prices for the Lower Atlantic region over the past six years, but in 2017 the prices have soared above other states. Georgia residents were paying $2.69 per gallon on average in the first days of fall. With few refineries in the area and supply dipping during hurricane season, this trend could continue. 

14. Massachusetts  

After the West Coast, residents of New England and Central Atlantic (New York, Pennsylvania) states traditionally pay the most for gasoline. According to the Energy Information Administration, the distance from oil refinery and pipelines plays a big factor in gas costs, and that hits this region especially. In Massachusetts, the few product terminals make the distance to local pumps even greater. Drivers paid an average of $2.70 per gallon here in the first days of fall. 

13. Vermont 

Whereas oil terminals are scarce in Massachusetts, they’re practically nonexistent in Vermont. Only one site off Lake Champlain serves residents of the Green Mountain State, and local prices reflect the supply issues when demand jumps. Gas prices hit $2.71 per gallon of regular gas in September 2017. That number was up 28 cents since August, but prices have hovered around $2.35 for most of the year. 

12. Rhode Island 

Normally, Rhode Island residents pay about the national average price for gasoline. However, when demand ramps up across the country, Ocean Staters see fuel costs soar. Prices hit $2.71 per gallon of regular gas at the start of fall. That number was 36 cents higher than the average from August. Though Rhode Island has a population of only 1 million, the state’s few oil terminals likely see volume dip in hurricane season. 

11. Idaho 

Though Eastern states may have seen fuel costs jump following hurricanes, Idaho residents should be used to paying more than the national average for gas. With no in-state refineries and few product terminals piping in product, costs have held above $2.70 since August and topped $2.78 in September. Even when prices were down near $2.20 across America in late 2016, Idaho drivers still paid 20 cents above the average. 

10. Nevada 

Nevada is home to the “Biggest Little City in the World” and some of the highest gas prices in the country, too. A gallon of premium gas typically runs drivers over $3 per gallon in the Silver State. And regular cost $2.80 in September. Generally, Nevadans pay about 30 cents per gallon above the national average, so if anything the spread got a bit lower when hurricanes hammered the East Coast. 

9. New York 

While most people in New York City have little use for a private automobile, other residents of this huge state pay the price to drive. Compared to the national average, Empire State motorists pay between 10 and 20 cents more for a gallon of regular gas. With the hurricanes affecting prices, drivers faced $2.80 per gallon at the pump in September. A nearby refinery in Linden (immortalized in The Sopranos credits) keeps things relatively under control. 

8. Washington, D.C. 

Following a slew of September hurricanes, D.C. residents found themselves paying an extra 30 cents than the average American per gallon. The steep $2.83 for regular you saw on signs around the nation’s capital was especially high, but it wasn’t particularly unusual for D.C. drivers. Area residents usually pay between 13 and 20 cents more per gallon than people living in neighboring states. Unfortunately, that means taxpayers foot high bills for gas-guzzling government vehicles when drivers fill up in town. 

7. Connecticut 

In terms of fuel costs, Hurricane Harvey affected Connecticut more than most states. Drivers saw prices at the pump jump nearly 40 cents per gallon between August and September, leaving residents with an average price of $2.83. Normally, the state’s distance from the Linden refinery and small geographical spread keep costs somewhat reasonable, but the barrage of storms changed the narrative quickly. 

6. Pennsylvania

Talk to drivers in the Philadelphia metro area, and they’ll tell you to buy gas in New Jersey. Just over the bridge from the Liberty Bell, Jersey drivers paid about 35 cents less per gallon than their Pennsylvania neighbors in late 2016. (Reasonable bridge tolls made this a winning proposition.) In 2017, the spread shrank considerably following the hurricanes, but Pennsylvania’s $2.84 per gallon price was still much higher than its neighbor’s and about 25 cents above the national average. 

5. Oregon 

In Oregon, drivers were paying 47 cents above the national average in August. Following the rash of hurricanes, states prices rose another dime per gallon, bringing the cost of regular gas to $2.89 in late September. These figures were not entirely out of the ordinary for Oregonians. The West Coast’s isolation from the rest of the country keeps this region’s prices highest. When shortages hit, prices increase even more. 

4. Alaska 

Only a handful of states are in the $3 club, and Alaska joined the club during hurricane season in September when prices hit $3.01 for a gallon of regular. Normally, drivers in The Last Frontier pay more than most because of refinery limitations. Even though there are several located across Alaska, few serve the bulk of the state, geographically speaking. So the distance it takes the gas to travel increases the price despite low state taxes. 

3. Washington

While you find petroleum ports on the coast and refineries near Seattle, the eastern part of Washington has few terminals to receive oil. That factor drives up costs, but an extra 12 cents of taxes since 2015 will keep Washingtonians paying more than the average American for the foreseeable future. Those taxes paid for improvements to highway infrastructure, so at least Evergreen State drivers will have a smoother ride. Prices averaged a whopping $3.04 per gallon in September. 

2. Hawaii 

Nearly every factor that drives up gas prices affects Hawaii. The collection of islands makes it difficult to transport fuel, and refinery limitations guarantee high prices for Aloha State drivers. Even before hurricanes rocked the East Coast, Hawaii residents paid $3.08 for a gallon of regular. Following the September storms, prices edged up to $3.11. 

1. California

While there are fluctuations all across the country and several states over $3 per gallon, California drivers almost always pay the most for gas. As the Energy Information Administration website notes, the biggest reason is quality: State laws require a cleaner blend of fuel than other states, and only a few refineries provide it. Therefore, Golden State drivers feel the pinch of any periods of high demand. At the start of fall, prices stood at $3.13 per gallon, 67 cents more than the cheapest gas sold in Missouri.

Revealed: Iconic ‘American’ Products That Aren’t Actually Made in the U.S.

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President Donald Trump’s recent push to bring jobs and companies back to America has caused quite a stir — especially because many of his personal business goods are outsourced overseas. Regardless, a few companies, such as Under Armor and Samsonite, have recently vowed to commit to manufacturing products that are truly made in America.
Most Americans — 70% — consider it important to buy U.S.-made products. Despite that sentiment, 37% said they would refuse to pay more for American-made goods versus cheaper imports. Consumers like to outwardly punish companies who manufacture products overseas, yet balk at a higher markup for a tag that’s stitched with a “Made in America” emblem. So companies continue to vie for people’s buying loyalty all while enduring a balancing act between patriotism and profits.
For some companies, money talks. No amount of American-themed beer cans or highly targeted ads can hide the fact that many iconic American brands have switched to outsourcing their goods in exchange for cheap labor. Let’s take a look at 15 brands that might ooze red, white, and blue but are actually made outside U.S. borders.

1. Rawlings baseballs 

Beer, brats, and a solid nine innings of good, wholesome competition: The game of baseball is pure American. The ball, however, is a different story. The only factory authorized to supply Major League Baseball is in the town of Terriaba in central Costa Rica. Rawlings Sporting Goods has an exclusive contract with the MLB, and once each ball receives its 108 stitches, the baseballs are sent to Miami and transported all across the country. 

2. Ford F-150 

Ford is synonymous with the Motor City of Detroit and is quintessentially American. In fact, a recent survey showed that the F-150 is a vehicle most likely to be assumed as “American” by the public. But only 60% of parts are actually made in America. The rest is outsourced to places, such as Mexico and Canada.
Is there any 100% American-made car? Not really. The Jeep Wrangler and Jeep Cherokee top the list for the most American cars of 2017. About 74% of Wrangler and 70% of Cherokee parts are domestic, according to All engines and nearly all transmissions for the Wrangler and Cherokee hail from the U.S. 

3. Barbie dolls 

Iconic Barbie dolls swept the nation, making Ken and Barbie a picture-perfect American couple. However, these dolls were made virtually everywhere but the United States. Mattel manufactures most of its products overseas. During the 1960s and early ’70s they were made in Japan. After that, they were made in Hong Kong and Mexico.
Collectors have learned to use the “made in” sticker to determine whether they have a vintage doll. What does a vintage Barbie run? The first Barbie doll sold for $27,450 at an auction, according to Good Housekeeping. 

4. Budweiser 

Clydesdales and red, white, and blue-themed cans send a poignant message that Budweiser is American to the last sip. But the brewery with German roots is now owned by Belgium company InBev. It bought the brand from Anheuser-Busch for $52 billion back in 2008 in an effort to make the brew more marketable globally.
Once Coors sold out to Canadian brewer Molson in 2005, Yuengling became the oldest and largest American brewery in the country. It has been family-owned for two centuries. 

5. American flags 

All signs point to money when we consider why most American flags are produced in China. Flags made in China cost significantly less than ones produced in here at home. An estimated $3.3 million worth of American flags are imported from Beijing each year. Legislation was since passed banning the U.S. military from purchasing flags not made in America. 

6. Levi’s 

It’s highly unlikely we see a “Made in America” tag on any denim jean nowadays. Levi’s jeans are seemingly as American as apple pie — but only in our minds. Its headquarters is in San Francisco, but the jeans are actually made Asia, Latin America, and Haiti. Only one style is made in Texas from fabric in North Carolina 

7. Converse 

Converse Chuck Taylors were once the go-to basketball shoe for players in the 1960’s and ’70s. Even celebrities, such as Kurt Cobain, The Rolling Stones, and Olympic athletes, sported Chucks in their day. But as other, more high-tech shoes hit the market, Converse lost its stronghold. Its American manufacturing reputation quickly followed suit. It went bankrupt in 2001 and was bought by Nike in 2003, which promptly switched all production to Indonesia. 

8. Monopoly pieces 

You haven’t really lived until you’ve endured an endless game of Monopoly with your relatives. And what better way to learn about capitalism than to finagle a way to invest in Marvin Gardens, Park Place, and St. James Place? However, most of the iconic game pieces are made in Ireland, according to The Street. 

9. Craftsman tools 

Craftsman Tools and Sears faced a class-action lawsuit in 2004 for wrongly labeling products as “Made in the USA” and attempting to sway American buyers with a patriotic purchase. In reality, many of Craftsman’s metal parts were made in China, Austria, and Denmark. The Federal Trade Commission prohibits using such a claim unless all of the product is American made. 

10. Fender Stratocaster 

The Fender Stratocaster is an iconic guitar made even more famous by American rock legends, such as Buddy Holly, Jimmy Hendrix, Eric Clapton, and John Mayer. Although Fender still does craft an American-made version, the standard — and therefore cheaper — version is made in Mexico. The standard version starts at a paltry $599, whereas the American Elite nears $2,000. 

11. Samsonite Luggage 

What started as a brick-and-mortar retail business in Denver was transitioned to Hong Kong after a profit slip in the 2000s. Most Samsonite suitcases hail from Europe, India, China, and Vietnam now that it left the U.S. But Samsonite is the world largest luggage retailer, and 40% of its business comes from the U.S. Its recent purchaseof American suitcase manufacturer, Tumi, could mean it’s gearing up to bring work back to the States to compete in the ever-growing e-commerce realm. 

12. Black & Decker 

The portable electric drill was invented by Black & Decker in its Baltimore machine shop in 1917. While some activity still occurs in Baltimore and North America, most of its manufacturing is done in China. Things could come full circle, however. Earlier this year, Stanley Black & Decker announced plans to move more manufacturing back to the U.S. from overseas after acquiring Craftsman from Sears. 

13. Olympic Uniforms 

Business mogul Ralph Lauren caught a lot of flak after rumors circulated regarding his 2012 Team U.S.A. Olympic uniforms. Apparently, the iconic U.S uniforms were made in China — much like all of Polo Ralph Lauren products are. Still, the U.S. Olympic committee stood by the sponsorship deal with Polo Ralph Lauren as they took heat for outsourcing an opportunity to highlight American companies and their workers, calling Ralph Lauren “an iconic American company.” 

14. Christmas lights 

Yiwu is a small city in China that produces 60% of the world’s Christmas decorations. There are 600 factories in this town that make the LED lights, Santa hats, and tinsel people display in their homes every December. Thus, the majority of your Christmas decorations probably aren’t made in America. 

15. Beats Electronics 

Beats Electronics is known for stylish headphones and speakers. Founded by rapper Dr. Dre, it’s headquartered in California but was bought by Apple in 2014. Just like many others on this list, the electronics are mostly manufactured overseas for cost efficiency. Beats headphones are priced at around $200, but when you break it down the product only costs about $20 to make.

18 Questions CNN Needs To Answer After Getting Busted For Fake News

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Early on Friday, CNN promoted its latest breathless report purporting to show collusion between the Trump campaign and Russia. CNN has been extremely invested in the narrative of collusion for the last year.
In June, CNN was forced to pull one of its Russia-Trump conspiracy stories that “did not meet CNN’s editorial standards.” The discredited story was based on a single anonymous source who connected Anthony Scaramucci, a prominent ally of President Trump, to a Russian investment fund managed by a Kremlin-controlled bank. Three journalists who worked on the story were fired.
But many of the other stories CNN pushed had serious problems, including one that claimed fired FBI head Jim Comey would testify he never told President Trump three times that he was not under FBI investigation. That’s precisely what he testified the next morning after the story ran. Still other stories are headlined explosively and presented on-air breathlessly while being quite anodyne. Earlier this week, was a piece headlined, “Exclusive: Previously undisclosed emails show follow-up after Trump Tower meeting.” The piece quietly revealed that Trump Jr. didn’t receive the follow-up and the “follow-up” was in no way incriminating or suggesting treasonous collusion to steal an election. Such stories have been par for the course for the Russia-Trump collusion narrative.
Friday morning’s report — which got the usual suspects extremely excited — was one such story. Broadcast widely on air and online, it intimated that Donald Trump, Jr. was given an advance notice about documents hacked or phished from Democrats before they were publicly available. The story didn’t include any evidence that the random dude who emailed Trump, Jr. was correct, that his email had been opened, that he was connected to Russia, or anything else to justify the excitement that those all-in on the collusion narrative had in response to it.
But more than that, it turned out that CNN completely botched the story. Instead of advance notice that this random dude sent in to Trump affiliates, it was late notice that this random dude sent in. The Washington Post obtained the email and reported that CNN had completely messed up the story, claiming a September 4 date to an email that was actually sent on September 14, a day after the documents were publicly available.
Despite the story being completely meaningless as revised, CNN merely posted a correction instead of a retraction. And CNN’s PR team tweeted out:
CNN has not released any other information. Here are some questions for CNN to answer to restore trust between the reporters on the story, editors on the story, the news organization itself, and viewers and readers.
1. Did CNN ever see the email before running the story on it?
2. Does CNN believe it’s ethical to write about a document and not let readers and viewers know up front that reporters and editors haven’t seen the document?
3. If CNN didn’t see the email, who told CNN about it?
4. Why did CNN believe these sources?
5. Were they Democratic Members of Congress on the House Select Committee on Intelligence leaking information from this week’s testimony?
6. Were they staff of these members?
7. Are these sources independent or in the same office or otherwise related to each other?
8. What other stories have these individuals sourced for CNN and what dates were they published?
9. What is being done to check these stories out for inaccuracies?
10. How many of these stories related to the Russia investigation?
11. How many other stories has CNN reported where it never actually saw the documents it reported as fact?
12. Can CNN point to another big story anchored to documents that its journalists haven’t authenticated?
13. Will the reporters on this story continue to cover this beat? If so, why?
14. Which editors worked on and approved this story?
15. How will editorial processes on Russia conspiracy stories change going forward to avoid similar errors?
16. Given that the story is meaningless, as corrected, why hasn’t the story been retracted in its entirety?
17. Will CNN use these sources in the future? If so, why? If not, how can readers be sure they are not used as future sources?
18. Given the seriousness of their error and the damage they caused to the reputation of the news outlet, will CNN out the sources? If not, why not?

An Irish citizen recently acquitted after four years of being imprisoned in Egypt says he saw dozens of cellmates become radicalized and adopt views of the Islamic State group during his brutal captivity in overcrowded jails

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 An Irish citizen recently acquitted after four years of being imprisoned in Egypt says he saw dozens of cellmates become radicalized and adopt views of the Islamic State group during his brutal captivity in overcrowded jails.
Ibrahim Halawa, 21, was arrested after security forces broke up a 2013 sit-in protesting the army’s overthrow of an elected Islamist president, and was released in October after being held in a half-dozen detention centers. His experience provides a unique perspective on how conditions inside Egypt’s notorious prisons have degenerated during an unprecedented crackdown on dissent.
Born in the Dublin suburb of Crumlin to parents of Egyptian descent, Halawa had faced death by hanging on charges that ranged from inciting violence to murder, and says regular beatings with bars and metal chains during captivity led him and others to the brink of despair.
“In the beginning, no one had even heard of Daesh, but by the time I left, maybe 20 percent were openly supporting their ideas,” he said, using the Arabic acronym for IS. “It could have been just talk — many of them were engineers, students and doctors who just wanted to get home to their families — but after all those years of being in jail with no explanation, many wanted revenge.”
The extremist group boasts a powerful affiliate in Egypt’s northern Sinai that has stepped up attacks in recent years, killing hundreds of security forces and civilians and expanding its reach to the mainland. Last month gunmen waving the group’s black flag killed 300 people at a Sinai mosque in the deadliest terror attack ever carried out in the country.
Authorities have meanwhile waged a sweeping crackdown on dissent. Human rights groups say as many as 60,000 political prisoners are being held in Egyptian jails, mainly Islamist supporters of ousted President Mohammed Morsi but also several prominent secular activists.
Halawa said prison officials routinely described him and his cellmates as “political prisoners,” even writing it on cells that were built to hold 10 men but were packed with dozens. The Egyptian government, which has branded Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood group a terror organization, denies holding any political prisoners.
“The prisons were packed — originally there were many members of the Muslim Brotherhood and April 6 (secular youth movement) but new people were always coming in,” he said. “Toward the end, the guards became really rough with us because they saw people who left were returning still politicized, posting their views on Facebook.”
Halawa was detained in the summer of 2013, just a few days after the army cleared out mass protests against the overthrow of Morsi, whose awkward one-year rule divided the country. Hundreds of protesters were killed.
Halawa and his sisters travelled regularly to Egypt for vacation, and had arrived that summer, just after he finished secondary school exams.
“I had no clue what was going on in Egypt at the time. I went to a few protests, including anti-Morsi ones, but everyone did back then, and I wanted to see all sides,” he said. Only after friends were killed by the military did he accept an invitation to speak on stage at the main sit-in, where he said organizers were inviting anyone to address the crowd.
“The place was full of lots of simple people who were just against military rule, like farmers who earned ($50) a month. And at the stage, they were desperate for speakers, especially foreigners,” he said.
Halawa’s Egyptian-born parents urged him and his sisters to avoid the demonstrations, but their curiosity got the better of them, he said. His father, Hussein, is the imam for Ireland’s largest Muslim community, in Dublin, and both he and Ibrahim insist they have nothing to do with the Brotherhood. The mosque, however, has been linked to Brotherhood-affiliated clerics.
“Our relatives in Egypt aren’t political at all, and everyone knows this — even the prosecutors and police never accused us of being a pro-Brotherhood family. My sisters and I, by going to a simple protest, were the most politically involved in the family,” he said. Authorities released his three sisters after three months’ detention.
Halawa says he had a typical Irish childhood, even playing Gaelic sports like hurling. But as a devout Muslim of Egyptian descent who looks older than his age, he was seen by authorities as a threat. When they found him sheltering in a mosque during street clashes, it confirmed their suspicions.
Despite speaking only rudimentary Arabic with officers at the start of his sentence, he was treated as an Egyptian in prison, beginning with the customary welcome beating guards referred to as “the party.”
“The food was often rotten, although I luckily got packages from the Irish Embassy,” he said. “It was pretty corrupt in there, the guards could accuse anyone of anything and the charges would stick.” Prisoners were often punished when high-profile attacks were carried out against the state over the years, such as the assassination of the prosecutor-general in 2015.
“When that happened they gave us a thorough ‘inspection,’ dumping out all our things in the middle of the cell and throwing food and water on it,” he said. “They also made us stand under the sun all day sometimes, but other times when they tried to get information they’d offer me extra food.”
Human rights groups say torture and other abuses are rampant in Egyptian prisons. Egyptian officials deny any systematic abuse and say individuals are held accountable for any violations.
Toward the end of Halawa’s imprisonment, the Brotherhood — previously known for organizing inmates in detention — had lost much of its pull inside jail, he said, with only die-hards sticking with the group.
“Most people wanted nothing to do with them after four years, they just wanted to get out so they’d avoid associating with them,” he said.
Halawa’s case — a collective trial with nearly 500 defendants — began to be resolved only in March of this year, the first time he was allowed to come before a judge to declare his innocence. While most of the accused received sentences of between five years and life imprisonment, Halawa and some 50 others were declared innocent. He was released on Oct. 18 and returned home.
Now he hopes to finally begin his studies in computer science and business, and get on with his life. Grateful for the sustained support of human rights organizations and the Irish government, he also wants to campaign for the unjustly detained, especially his Irish countrymen.
“There are plenty of people out there imprisoned like I was for no reason, so I’d like to help.”

Anonymous donor pays off Walmart layaway gifts for 200 families

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 An anonymous donor paid for all of the items on layaway at a Pennsylvania Walmart for the second year in a row, giving 200 families an easier Christmas, according to the store's staff.
The aisles are packed and lines are long at most stores this time of year as parents prepare for the holiday, but it can be tough to buy everything all at once with just one or two paychecks.
Kristen Martin said she knows that Christmastime struggle all too well.
"Bills were really high for December. I had like an $800 water bill, so it's just like, 'Well I'm gonna go and put stuff on layaway and hope for the best,'" she said.
Martin knew a "Secret Santa" had paid off everybody's layaway accounts last year in Everett. She figured that maybe this year, he'd do it again.
This week, he did.
Barbara Karns has worked at the Walmart for 20 years, and has never seen generosity and humility like this.
"In this area you don't hear a lot, I mean you hear small things where somebody pays somebody's grocery bill or things like that but this was pretty big," Karns said.
The Walmart staff has been making calls to families with the news, letting them know their Christmas gifts are paid off.
Kristen Martin said she asked directly if someone had paid for the gifts.
"I couldn't wait to get to Walmart. I was like driving and shaking. Look at me, I'm shaking. It's crazy," she said.
Martin's kids can now get their X-Box games and toys, but she said the parents get even more out of the donation.
"I think it means more to me, but I think they'll be happy. I remember when I was growing up for Christmas. I was just telling my mom the other day that I want my kids to have Christmas like that," she said tearfully.
Nobody knows who the secret donor is, not even the Walmart staff. They just call him "Santa B."
Whoever it is, Martin said they've given families a Christmas they may not have had.
"I think they have lots of treasures in heaven," Martin said.
Santa B donated a total of about $40,000.
Monday was the layaway pickup day, but the store manager said there is a grace period of a couple of days.

White Nationalists Want to March Again. Charlottesville Says No.

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The white supremacists and neo-Nazis whose rally in Charlottesville, Va., in August resulted in the death of a young woman want to mark the anniversary next year with another rally.
But on Monday, Charlottesville said no, denying permits to five organizers planning events on Aug. 11 and 12, 2018, including people who wanted to organize counterprotests.
In denial letters obtained by The Daily Progress, a newspaper in Charlottesville, the city manager wrote that the events would “present a danger to public safety” and “cannot be accommodated within a reasonable allocation of city funds and/or police resources.” 
Additionally, the manager, Maurice Jones, wrote in each of the five letters, “There is no person or legal entity willing to accept responsibility for the group’s adherence” to city laws.
Jason Kessler, the white nationalist who organized this year’s “Unite the Right” march, told his Twitter followers that the “Communist government of Charlottesville” had denied his application and vowed to sue “early next year.” In a video posted Monday evening, he adopted the language of the Justice Department’s civil rights investigations, claiming that city officials had a “pattern and practice” of granting permits for left-wing events but not right-wing ones.
However, the permit requests denied on Monday included some filed by opponents of the right-wing marches: Walter Heinecke, a professor at the University of Virginia, and Bob Fenwick, a member of the Charlottesville City Council who this year voted to remove a statue of Gen. Robert E. Lee from the city’s Emancipation Park. The dispute over the statue helped lead to the rallies. 
Mr. Heinecke’s and Mr. Fenwick’s applications were denied for largely the same reasons as those of Mr. Kessler and one of his allies, Brian Lambert. The fifth application was filed by M. A. Shurtleff
The rally on Aug. 12 — which drew hundreds of white nationalists, neo-Nazis and Klansmen to Charlottesville, a small city best known as the home of the University of Virginia — quickly turned violent, and a 32-year-old woman, Heather D. Heyer, was killed when a man drove into a crowd of counterprotesters. The night before, white supremacists had marched on the University of Virginia’s campus, chanting “Jew will not replace us” and carrying torches in a sinister echo of the Ku Klux Klan at its height.
In his video on Monday, between drags on a cigar, Mr. Kessler cast himself and his supporters as victims — going so far as to liken today’s white nationalists to the African-American students who required the protection of United States marshals and National Guard members to enter the University of Mississippi in 1962.
He vowed to march in 2018 with or without a permit, and told his supporters they could not be violent because they had to “prove a point.” He blamed counterprotesters for the violence in August, even though it was a white nationalist who drove his car into the crowd. (President Trump made a similar argument shortly after the rally, saying there was blame on “both sides,” in remarks that white nationalists took as a tacit endorsement.)
In his permit application, Mr. Kessler said the police had only to keep the two sides separate to prevent bloodshed. But Mr. Jones, the city manager, said that was not possible.
Charlottesville “does not have the ability to determine or sort individuals according to what ‘side’ they are on,” Mr. Jones wrote in the denial letter, “and no reasonable allocation of city funds or resources can guarantee that event participants will be free of any ‘threat of violence.’”

Records Redone (60 Pics)

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Amazing vinyl art.