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    27 Mar 2016

    Daguerreotype portraits – The first and the most commonly used photographic process, revealed to the world in 1839

    The daguerreotype process was the first practicable method of obtaining permanent images with a camera. It was invented by Louis-Jaques-Mandé Daguerre and introduced worldwide in 1839. By 1860, new processes which were less expensive and produced more easily viewed images, had almost completely replaced it. During the past few decades, there has been a small-scale revival of daguerreotypy among photographers interested in making artistic use of early photographic processes.

    To make a daguerreotype, the daguerreotypist would polish a sheet of silver-plated copper to a mirror finish; treat it with fumes that made its surface light-sensitive; expose it in a camera for as long as was judged to be necessary, which could be as little as a few seconds for brightly sunlit subjects or much longer with less intense lighting; make the resulting latent image on it visible by fuming it with mercury vapor; remove its sensitivity to light by liquid chemical treatment; rinse and dry it; then seal the easily damaged result behind glass in a protective enclosure.
    Portrait of a Daguerreotypist Displaying Daguerreotypes and Cases.

    Daguerreotype of Louis Daguerre, a French artist and photographer, recognized for his invention of the daguerreotype process of photography, 1844.
    A photograph of a daguerreotype of Edgar Allan Poe, American writer, editor, and literary critic, 1848, first published 1880.
    Adolph Friedrich Vollmer, a German landscape and marine painter and graphic artist, ca.1845.
    Alexander William Doniphan, 19th-century American attorney, soldier and politician between 1844 and 1860.
    Benjamin Perley Poore, a prominent American newspaper correspondent, editor, and author in the mid-19th century, circa 1850.
    William Murray, Democratic Congressman from New York, between 1844 and 1860.
    William Frederick Havemeyer. a German-American businessman and politician in New York, between 1844 and 1860.
    The first authenticated image of Abraham Lincoln was this daguerreotype of him as U.S. Congressman-elect in 1846, attributed to Nicholas H. Shepard of Springfield, Illinois.
    Solomon N. Carvalho, author, autoportrait, 1850
    John C Calhoun, American politician and political theorist, 1849.
    Jakob Venedey, a German journalist, and politician, 1848.

    Heinrich Joseph Compes, lawyer, and politician, 1848.
    Ezra B. French, United States Representative from Maine, between 1844 and 1860.
    Portrait of Franklin Pierce (1804–1869), 14th president of the United States, original 1855–1865.
    Edwards Amasa Park, American Congregational theologian, between 1844 and 1860.
    Edward Troye, a painter of American Thoroughbred horse, circa 1870.
    Donald McKay, American Ship Builder. around 1854.
    Daguerreotype portrait of Tennessee politician Neill Smith Brown, 1849.
    Daguerreotype of Zachary Taylor, 12th President of the United States.
    Daguerreotype of Supreme Court justice Joseph Story, 1844.
    Daguerreotype of Andrew Jackson, the seventh President of the United States at the age of 77 or 78 (1844 or 1845).
    Cornelius Vanderbilt, American business magnate, between 1844 and 1860.
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